Advanced Study Group Diffusion and Microstructure Analysis (DMA)
Nanomagnonic devices based on the spin transfer torque
S. Urazhdin, V. E. Demidov, H. Ulrichs, T. Kendziorczyk, T. Kuhn, J. Leuthold, G. Wilde, S. O. Demokritov.
Nature Nanotechnology, 9, 509-513, (2014)
Magnonics is based on signal transmission and processing by spin waves (or their quanta, called magnons) propagating in a magnetic medium. In the same way as nanoplasmonics makes use of metallic nanostructures to confine and guide optical-frequency plasmon-polaritons, nanomagnonics uses nanoscale magnetic waveguides to control the propagation of spin waves. Recent advances in the physics of nanomagnetism, such as the discovery of spin-transfer torque, have created possibilities for nanomagnonics. In particular, it was recently demonstrated that nanocontact spin-torque devices can radiate spin waves, serving as local nanoscale sources of signals for magnonic applications. However, the integration of spin-torque sources with nanoscale magnetic waveguides, which is necessary for the implementation of integrated spin-torque magnonic circuits, has not been achieved to date. Here, we suggest and experimentally demonstrate a new approach to this integration, utilizing dipolar field-induced magnonic nanowaveguides. The waveguides exhibit good spectral matching with spin-torque nano-oscillators and enable efficient directional transmission of spin waves. Our results provide a practical route for the implementation of integrated magnonic circuits utilizing spin transfer.