ICAMS / Interdisciplinary Centre for Advanced Materials Simulation

Atomistic simulation of the kinetics of phase transformations

Jutta Rogal

The research group focuses on the development and application of methods for long time-scale atomistic simulations. The two main research areas are the diffusion of impurities in the presence point and extended defects (e.g. diffusion of d-band elements in Ni-based superalloys), and the kinetics of phase transformations (e.g. formation of topologically close-packed phases, martensitic transformation in high-temperature shape memory alloys, nucleation during solidification).

Free energy landscape and optimal reaction coordinate for nucleation in Ni; the initial stage of the nucleation process is characterised by the formation of a precursor zone in the undercooled liquid before the crystal structure emerges from this preordered region; red spheres are fcc atoms, green hcp atoms, and light-brown are prestructured atoms.

Atomistic processes dominating the long-time dynamics of impurity diffusion, solid-solid phase transformations or nucleation belong to the class of so-called rare events. In this context, rare events comprise processes that require transitions between local minima of the potential energy surface that are separated by sizeable energy barriers. This leads to a separation of time scales between the short-time dynamics within each local minimum (e.g. lattice vibrations) and the long-time dynamics between the minima (e.g. diffusion, structural rearrangements), which makes it impossible to study such problems with classic molecular dynamics simulations. If the dynamics of the rare events can be described correctly based on the underlying atomistic processes, it is possible to follow the time evolution of a system over an extended time scale.

Within the group, various techniques such as accelerated molecular dynamics, kinetic Monte Carlo, or transition path sampling are utilised to investigate rare events.

Diffusion channel for a nearest neighbour jump process in an fcc lattice; the diffusion barrier depends on the occupation of the diffusion channel with solute and host atoms; the diffusion channel (blue atoms) contains all first-nearest neighbours to the initial and final position of the diffusing atom (red); the different shades of blue and the labelling indicate the distance from the transition state.

Group Members


Former Members

  • Dr. Yaojun Du
  • Dr. Ari Harjunmaa
  • Marco Rozgic
  • Dr. Sergej Shuwalow


  • nucleation and phase transformation
  • diffusion
  • (adaptive) kinetic Monte Carlo
  • transition path sampling
  • (accelerated) molecular dynamics

Recent publications

A. Ferrari, P. Kadletz, T. Chakraborty, K.-Y. Liao et al. Reconciling experimental and theoretical data in the structural analysis of Ti-Ta shape memory alloys Shape Memory and Superelasticity, 5, 3, (2019)

N. Wang, T. Hammerschmidt, J. Rogal, R. Drautz. Accelerating spin-space sampling by auxiliary spin dynamics and temperature-dependent spin-cluster expansion Physical Review B, 99, 094402, (2019)

A. Ferrari, D. G. Sangiovanni, J. Rogal, R. Drautz. First-principles characterization of reversible martensitic transformations Physical Review B, 99, 094107, (2019)

M. Grabowski, J. Rogal, R. Drautz. Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of vacancy diffusion in nondilute Ni-X (X = Re, W, Ta) alloys Physical Review Materials, 2, 123403, (2018)

G. Díaz Leines, J. Rogal. Maximum likelihood analysis of reaction coordinates during solidification in Ni The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 122, 10934-10942, (2018)


Dr. Jutta Rogal
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
44780 Bochum
Tel: +49 234 32 29317
Fax: +49 234 32 14977

Email: jutta.rogal@rub.de

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