Simulation of the gamma-alpha-transformation using the phase-field method
G. Pariser, P. Schaffnit, I. Steinbach, W. Bleck.
Steel Research, Verlag Staahleisen mbH, Düsseldorf, 72, 354-360 , (2001)
Phase transformation is a powerful tool to change the properties of steels. Of the known transformations especially the gamma-alpha -transformation is utilised. It occurs in a temperature range relevant for heat treating and hot deformation processes. In this paper an approach is presented in which the gamma-alpha -transformation is simulated with Micress.: This software applies the multicomponent multiphase-field model, which is based on the reduction of total free enthalpy. Two different steels have been selected for the simulations, an ULC and an IF steel. Dilatometric tests serve as a basis for the simulations. These tests have shown that the transformation behaviours of the two steel grades are governed by two different kinetics. The transformation kinetics of the IF grade is influenced by the microalloying concept applied, resulting in a very slow start of the transformation. This has also been incorporated in the simulations by choosing two different grain boundary mobilities, one main parameter of the simulation. The simulation results of the ULC grade show the huge influence of nucleation undercooling as another one of the main parameters. Both simulation results are satisfying. They show that the phase-field method offers a strong simulation tool in the area of phase transformation.
Keyword(s): diffusion; model