ICAMS / Interdisciplinary Centre for Advanced Materials Simulation

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The role of grain boundary energy anisotropy on the grain size evolution during normal grain growth

Date: 06.05.2020
Time: 2:30 p.m.
Place: European Geosciences Union (EGU) general assembly, Online-meeting

Hesham Salama
Katharina Marquardt, Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Bayreuth, Germany
Julia Kundin
Oleg Shchyglo
Ingo Steinbach

Many regions of the Earth’s mantle deform in grain size-sensitive creep regimes. The grain size right below the transition zone is believed to be very small, and the grain size should in subsequent depths be mainly controlled by normal grain growth. The grain size evolution is commonly predicted using either existing grain growth laws in combination with grain boundary diffusion coefficients or by ex trapolating empirically determined grain growth laws. Effects of Zenner pinning and different ratios of second phases have been studied, while the role of anisotropic grain boundary properties is currently neglected [1]. The grain boundary energy varies with the orientation of the grain boundary plane, as expressed through the typical crystal habitae (Wulff -shapes). Individual crystals in a polycrystalline material maintain a grain boundary energy anisotropy during grain growth. Here we study how grain boundary anisotropy impacts grain boundary migration and normal grain growth rates by three-dimensional phase-field simulations [2]. We imply grain boundary energy minimization by faceting/varying the grain boundary plane to minimize the grain boundary energy. The ideal grain boundary energy anisotropy for the solid-solid interface is taken from experimentally investigated grain boundary plane distributions and grain boundary energy distributions on periclase (MgO). We compare the grain size evolution in simulations with isotropic and anisotropic grain boundary energy of cubic crystal symmetry. We found that the grain boundary energy anisotropy has a significant influence on grain boundary migration and grain growth kinetics [2]. We found that the rate of grain growth for periclase, A is a factor of 3 smaller compared to an isotropic material.

These results are of three-fold importance:
1. The theory of grain growth is developed for purely isotropic materials1and clearly fail to predict grain growth for materials with anisotropic grain boundary energy correctly.
2. Predicting grain growth using existing rate-laws and grain boundary diffusion studies can lead to an incomplete conclusion and a distorted picture of the real phenomenon.
3. Because energy reduction associated with grain growth is small, already small energy variations, such as those associated with grain boundary energy anisotropy, can have a significant effect.

A better prediction of grain size evolution will need to develop an anisotropic theory for grain growth, that address our lake in knowledge regarding pressure effects on both grain boundary energy anisotropy and diffusion.

1. Rohrer, G. S. Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 2005
2. Salama et al. Acta Materialia 2020

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