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ICAMS Special Seminar by M. Finnis

28.04.2010

Professor Mike Finnis1,2
Chair in Materials Theory and Simulation
Imperial College London

joint work with: 1S. Angioletti-Uberti, 3M. Ceriotti and 1P.D. Lee

1Department of Materials Imperial College London, UK
2Department of Physics Imperial College London, UK
3Computational Science, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zürich,
USI Campus, Lugano, Switzerland

The crystal-melt interface free energy from metadynamics

Abstract: The solid-liquid interface free energy is a key parameter controlling nucleation and growth during solidification, as well as the energetics of wetting. It is difficult to obtain experimentally, and although there are computational approaches with atomistic simulation, they are difficult to apply routinely. We propose a new approach [1], which is to obtain a free energy map of the phase transition by metadynamics [2]. We have applied this to the benchmark case of a Lennard-Jones potential and the results confirm the most reliable data obtained previously. Our approach offers several advantages: it is simple to implement, robust and free of hysteresis problems, it provides a rigorous and unbiased estimate of the statistical uncertainty and a good estimate of the thermodynamic limit, with system sizes of a just a few hundred atoms. It is therefore attractive for using with more realistic and specific models of interatomic forces.

[1] S. Angioletti-Uberti, M. Ceriotti, M.W. Finnis and P.D. Lee, Solid-Liquid Interfacial Free Energy from Metadynamics simulations, Phys. Rev. B, to be published
[2] A. Laio and M. Parrinello, Escaping free energy minima, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 12562-12566 (2002)

The seminar takes place at 10:00 a.m. in the ICAMS seminar room UHW 11/1102, Stiepeler Straße 129, 44801 Bochum.

For further information contact Bernhard Eidel, bernhard.eidel@rub.de.

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