Nonconservative generalized current-induced forces
T. N. Todorov, D. Dundas, E. J. McEniry.
Physical Review B, 81, 075416, (2010)
A recent result for the curl of forces on ions under steady-state current in atomic wires with noninteracting electrons is extended to generalized forces on classical degrees of freedom in the presence of mean-field electron-electron screening. Current is described within a generic multiterminal picture, forces within the Ehrenfest approximation, and screening within an adiabatic, but not necessarily spatially local, mean-field picture.