ICAMS / Interdisciplinary Centre for Advanced Materials Simulation


Solid surfaces - impact on mechanics and mechano-chemical coupling in small scale systems

Date: 21.04.2016
Time: 4:00 p.m.
Place: Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Unversitätsstr. 150
IC 04/408

Jörg Weissmüller, Technische Universität Hamburg-Haburg, Hamburg, Germany

It is widely acknowledged that the deliberate structuring at the nanoscale provides opportunities for tailoring a materials behavior by mixing interfacial contributions into the otherwise bulk-dominated behavior. The mechanical behavior of nanomaterials, and specifically the strengthening at small scale, exemplifies the power of this strategy. While “smaller is stronger” is empirically well documented, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood from a microscopic point of view. There are also reports of an impact of the microstructural scale on the elastic materials’ re-sponse. Yet, while the relevant mechanics appears understood, the empirical database on elasticity of nanomaterials is sparse. This applies equally to experiments probing the excess elasticity (if any) of free surfaces and to those experiments which probe the elastic response of internal interfaces such as grain boundaries. The talk will address selected approaches to measuring surface and inter-face contributions to the mechanical behavior: surface excess stiffness [1] and grain boundary excess compliance [2] connect to the elastic response, whereas interfaces contribute to plastic deformation via the impact of surfaces on strength, [3] and via dislocation climb during grain rotation.[4]

A key idea behind recent experiments in the field is that the mechanical chemical or mechanical electrochemical coupling at interfaces may be exploited for inducing reversible variations in the local mechanical behavior, selectively at surfaces or interfaces. This provides reliable experimental signatures of interfacial contributions to the material’s behavior that are not accessible by classic testing schemes. The strategy also advertises the strength of the electro-chemo mechanical cou-pling at interfaces. This phenomenon is as yet poorly investigated by experiment or theory, yet it provides opportunities for exciting scientific studies, and specifically it may be used to strongly af-fect materials behavior, thereby creating nanomaterials with entirely new functionality.[1,3,5]

[1] N. Mameka, J. Markmann, H.-J. Jin and J. Weissmüller, Electrical stiffness modulation—confirming the impact of surface excess elasticity on the mechanics of nanomaterials. Acta Materialia 76 (2014) 272.
[2] J. Weissmüller, J. Markmann, M. Grewer and R. Birringer, Kinematics of polycrystal deformation by grain boundary sliding. Acta Materialia 59 (2011) 4366.
[3] H.J. Jin and J. Weissmüller, A Material with Electrically Tunable Strength and Flow Stress. Science 332 (2011) 1179.
[4] D.V. Bachurin, A.A. Nazarov and J. Weissmüller, Grain rotation by dislocation climb in a finite-size grain boundary. Acta Materialia 60 (2012) 7064.
[5] J. Weissmüller, R.N. Viswanath, D. Kramer, P. Zimmer, R. Würschum and H. Gleiter, Charge-induced reversible strain in a metal. Science 300 (2003) 312.

Supporting information:

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