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Relaxed incremental variational formulation for damage at large strains with application to fiber-reinforced materials and materials with truss-like microstructures

D. Balzani, M. Ortiz.

International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 92, 551-570, (2012)

Abstract
In this paper, an incremental variational formulation for damage at finite strains is presented. The classical continuum damage mechanics serves as a basis where a stress-softening term depending on a scalar-valued damage function is prepended an effective hyperelastic strain energy function, which describes the virtually undamaged material. Because loss of convexity is obtained at some critical deformations, a relaxed incremental stress potential is constructed, which convexifies the original nonconvex problem. The resulting model can be interpreted as the homogenization of a microheterogeneous material bifurcated into a strongly and weakly damaged phase at the microscale. A one-dimensional relaxed formulation is derived, and a model for fiber-reinforced materials based thereon is given. Finally, numerical examples illustrate the performance of the model by showing mesh independency of the model in an extended truss, analyzing a numerically homogenized microtruss material and investigating a fiber-reinforced cantilever beam subject to bending and an overstretched arterial wall. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Keyword(s): incremental variational formulation, relaxation, damage, finite strains, fiber‐reinforced materials, multiscale, homogenization
Cite as: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84868155670&doi=10.1002%2fnme.4351&partnerID=40&md5=2424a5acc7de6b66ad3ba446e369b202
DOI: 10.1002/nme.4351
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