ICAMS / Interdisciplinary Centre for Advanced Materials Simulation


Formation of metastable aluminum silicide as intermediate stage of Al-Si alloy crystallization

I. S. Gordeev, L. Kolotova, S. Starikov.

Scripta Materialia, Elsevier BV,, 210, 114481, (2022)

Three basic structures of Al2Si silicide formed from overcooled melt

The mechanism of Al-Si alloy crystallization from an amorphous state is still unclear. Despite the absence of equilibrium compounds for this binary system, there are several experimental evidences confirming the formation of metastable silicide at annealing of amorphous Si mixed with Al. Classification of this metastable structure is a missing puzzle piece in the description of Al-Si alloy crystallization kinetics. Here, we considered the properties of aluminum silicide Al$_2$Si structure, which is a probable candidate for the role of the observed metastable compound. Our investigation was based on the atomistic simulations with the interatomic potential developed recently and DFT approach. All used methods revealed that there are several crystal structures of Al$_2$Si with close geometry and relatively low formation energies. The chemical ordering in such structures is similar to the one in Si-Al melt. We also showed that the combination of these structures allows to form a crystal with different degree of ordering.

Cite as: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2021.114481
DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2021.114481
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