Domain wall acceleration by ultrafast field application: an ab initio‐based molecular dynamics study
R. Khachaturyan, A. Dimou, A. Grünebohm.
Physica status solidi (RRL) – Rapid Research Letters, Wiley,, 16, 2200038, (2022)
Optimizing ferroelectrics for contemporary high-frequency applications asks for the fundamental understanding of ferroelectric switching and domain wall (DW) motion in ultrafast field pulses while the microscopic understanding of the latter is so far incomplete. To close this gap in knowledge, ab initio-based molecular dynamics simulations are utilized to analyze the dynamics of 180° DWs in the prototypical ferroelectric material BaTiO3. How ultrafast field application initially excites the dipoles in the system and how they relax to their steady state via transient negative capacitance are discussed. Excitingly, a giant boost of the DW velocity related to the nonequilibrium switching of local dipoles acting as nucleation centers for the wall movement is found. This boost may allow to tune the local ferroelectric switching rate by the shape of an applied field pulse.