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Laser-printed hemispherical silicon Mie resonators
Subwavelength nanostructures made of high-index low-loss materials have revolutionized the fields of linear and nonlinear nanophotonics, stimulating growing demands for efficient and inexpensive fabrication technologies. Here, we demonstrate high-precision and reproducible printing of hemispherical Si nanoparticles (NPs) via controllable dewetting of glass-supported ?-Si films driven by a single femtosecond laser pulse. The diameter of the formed nanocrystalline NPs can be fully controlled by initial ?-Si film thickness as well as lateral size of the laser spot and can be predicted by a simple empirical model based on conservation of energy and mass. A resonant optical response associated with Mie-type resonances supported by hemispherical NPs was confirmed by combining numerical modeling with optical microspectroscopy. Inexpensive and high-performing direct laser printing of nanocrystalline Si Mie resonators with a user-defined arrangement opens a pathway for various applications in optical sensing and nonlinear nanophotonics.