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Ni tracer diffusion in CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi high entropy alloys
High entropy alloys (HEAs) are multicomponent alloys in equiatomic or nearly equiatomic composition. Anticipated sluggish atomic diffusion is reported to be one of the core effects in HEAs which is presumably responsible for their many unique properties. For the first time, in the present study, tracer (Ni) diffusion in CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi alloys is measured by the radiotracer technique in the temperature range of 1073–1373 K using the 63Ni isotope. Chemically homogeneous alloys of equiatomic composition were prepared by a vacuum arc melting route. The microstructure and phase stability of the alloys in the given temperature range is confirmed by differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction.
Ni diffusion in both CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi alloys is found to follow Arrhenius behavior. When plotted against the homologous temperature, a tendency to a successive slow down of the tracer diffusion rate with an increased number of components in equiatomic alloys is unambiguously established. Both the entropy term as well as the energy barriers is revealed to contribute to this trend. The current results indicate that diffusion in HEAs cannot a priori be considered as sluggish.