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Experimental and theoretical study of tracer diffusion in a series of (CoCrFeMn) 100− xNix alloys
Tracer diffusion of all constituting elements is studied at various temperatures in a series of (CoCrFeMn)100-xNix alloys with compositions ranging from pure Ni to the equiatomic CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy. At a given homologous temperature, the measured tracer diffusion coefficients change non-monotonically along the transition from pure Ni to the concentrated alloys and finally to the equiatomic CoCrFeMnNi alloy. This is explained by atomistic Monte-Carlo simulations based on a modified embedded-atom potentials, which reveal that local heterogeneities of the atomic configurations around a vacancy cause correlation effects and induce significant deviations from predictions of the random alloy model.