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On the crystallographic anisotropy of plastic zone size in single crystalline copper under Berkovich nanoindentation
Aiming at revealing plastic deformation mechanisms of nanoindentation tests, we investigate the crystallographic orientation-influenced indentation size effect in the Berkovich nanoindentation tests of single crystalline copper, by using the nonlocal crystal plasticity finite element approach and specifically designed experiments. In our simulation model of nanoindentation, a new geometrically necessary dislocation density-based crystal plasticity model is proposed, and the utilized model parameters are calibrated by fitting the measured load-displacement curves of indentation tests. Then the size of plastic zone of indentation tests is defined by the surface pile-up profile, i.e. the diameter of a circle consisting of material points with half of maximum pile-up height. It is found that the modified plastic zone model incorporated with the newly developed scaling factor provides good predication of the indentation depth-dependent hardness of single crystalline copper.