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Influence of crystal plasticity parameters on the strain hardening behavior of polycrystals
The effective mechanical properties of a polycrystal depend directly on the single-crystal properties of each grain and its crystallographic orientation with respect to the load axis. While the micromechanical approach has been used quite extensively to study the influence of grain shape and crystallographic texture on the resulting mechanical behavior of a polycrystal, the influence of the crystal plasticity parameters, which describe the constitutive behavior of the single crystal, requires to be investigated systemically because, typically, these parameters are fitted to describe a given material behavior. In the current research, this gap is filled by systemically studying the effect of changes in crystal plasticity parameters on the effective mechanical properties of polycrystals. The numerical model employed here consists of a representative volume element of 100 grains, and the material properties are described by using a non-local crystal plasticity model. A proper homogenization technique was used to homogenize the micromechanical results to an effective macroscopic material response. The equivalent stress versus equivalent plastic strain curve was obtained numerically by introducing the Voce-type hardening law, mimicking the material behavior in uniaxial tensile tests. The four parameters of the Voce-type hardening law were fitted to the macroscopic stress-strain curves, and the correlation between the crystal plasticity parameters and the Voce parameters has been studied, which is an efficient way to study the influence of microscopic material descriptions on the macroscopic behavior of polycrystals.