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On the calculation of the bandgap of periodic solids with MGGA functionals using the total energy
During the last few years, it has become more and more clear that functionals of the meta generalized gradient approximation (MGGA) are more accurate than GGA functionals for the geometry and energetics of electronic systems. However, MGGA functionals are also potentially more interesting for the electronic structure, in particular, when the potential is nonmultiplicative (i.e., when MGGAs are implemented in the generalized Kohn-Sham framework), which may help to get more accurate bandgaps. Here, we show that the calculation of bandgap of solids with MGGA functionals can also be done very accurately in a non-self-consistent manner. This scheme uses only the total energy and can, therefore, be very useful when the self-consistent implementation of a particular MGGA functional is not available. Since self-consistent MGGA calculations may be difficult to converge, the non-self-consistent scheme may also help to speed up the calculations. Furthermore, it can be applied to any other types of functionals, for which the implementation of the corresponding potential is not trivial.