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Carbon effect on thermo-kinetics of Co-Cr-Fe-Mn-Ni high entropy alloys: A computational study validated by interdiffusion experiments
Interstitial alloying is nowadays an important direction for further developments of High Entropy Alloys. In this work, the impact of interstitial carbon on the thermodynamics–kinetics coupling in CoCrFeMnNi-based HEAs is studied through CALPHAD and continuum approaches. First, purely thermodynamic characteristics (phase diagrams and chemical potentials) are calculated. Then purely kinetics properties, i.e., carbon-content dependent mobilities of substitutional elements are modeled, based on experimental data. Consequently, a continuum model is applied to combine these properties in order to simulate interdiffusion in carbon-free/carbon-bearing HEA couples, underlining mutual influence of carbon and matrix elements diffusion on each other. The results are benchmarked against the experimental composition profiles and a very good agreement is observed, specially when carbon effect for all elements is explicitly included. A non-monotonous dependence of the chromium up-hill diffusion on the carbon content is explained by a strong thermodynamic interaction between carbon and chromium elements.