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Solidification of the Ni-based superalloy CMSX-4 simulated with full complexity in 3-dimensions
In this work, we present phase-field (PF) simulations directly coupled to thermodynamic and kinetic databases in three dimensions. The direct coupling allows consideration of the full alloy complexity of the CMSX-4 superalloy over a large range of temperatures. The simulation conditions are chosen for additive manufacturing utilizing Electron Beam Melting (EBM). Transformation of interdendritic liquid into eutectic gamma prime is considered. The simulation results confirm the unique segregation behavior of all the alloying elements. It is demonstrated that the treatment of the full complexity of alloy composition is superior to all approximations with quasi-binary or -ternary approximation and justifies the significantly increased computational effort. Our results demonstrate that multi-component simulations must become a standard for phase-field applications to real material systems.