ICAMS / Interdisciplinary Centre for Advanced Materials Simulation

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Mössbauer spectroscopy evidence of intrinsic non‐stoichiometry in iron telluride single crystals

A. Kiiamov, Y. Lysogorskiy, F. Vagizov, L. Tagirov, D. Tayurskii, D. Croitori, V. Tsurkan, A. Loidl.

Annalen der Physik, 529, 1600241, (2016)

Schematic representation of the groups of iron atoms within the four-group model. Blue arrows indicate directions of principal axes of EFG tensors.

Abstract
The FeTe parent compound for iron‐superconductor chalcogenides was studied applying Mössbauer spectroscopy accompanied by ab initio calculations of electric field gradients at the iron nuclei. Room‐temperature (RT) Mössbauer spectra of single crystals have shown asymmetric doublet structure commonly ascribed to contributions of over‐stoichiometric iron or impurity phases. Low‐temperature Mössbauer spectra of the magnetically ordered compound could be well described by four hyperfine‐split sextets, although no other foreign phases different from Fe1.05Te were detected by XRD and microanalysis within the sensitivity limits of the equipment. Density functional ab initio calculations have shown that over‐stoichiometric iron atoms significantly affect electron charge and spin density up to the second coordination sphere of the iron sub‐lattice, and, as a result, four non‐equivalent groups of iron atoms are formed by their local environment. The resulting four‐group model consistently describes the angular dependence of the single crystals Mössbauer spectra as well as intensity asymmetry of the doublet absorption lines in powdered samples at RT. We suppose that our approach could be extended to the entire class of Fe(1+y)Se(1-x)Te(x) compounds, which contain excess iron atoms.


Cite as: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/andp.201600241
DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600241
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